Explore the History of the Tea Bag Packaging Machines


The first machine-produced tea bag was the "Pompadour" muslin bag, made in 1929. It was produced on a machine from the Teekanne subsidiary Seelig & Hille (Dresden). The portionsize tea bag machine POMPADOUR and the paper tea bag machine TEEFIX had been the first automatic packaging machines for tea


The first generation of tea bag machines was replaced in 1937 by the fully automatic cellulose tea bag packaging machine Reliance and an upstream perforating machine. For the first time, these tea bags produced on the Reliance resembled the double chamber tea bags we use today. However, the tea bag was a single chamber tea bag only. The Reliance manufactured tea bags packed in a protective cover that were more hygienic than their fabric predecessors.


Teekanne's Adolf Rambold in 1949 not only developed today's ubiquitous double-chamber tea bag, a completely new kind of tea bag in previously unimagined quality, but also the machine to produce it. The Constanta is the pioneer of the modern tea bag packaging industry. Built at Teepack, our sister company, the Constanta was the first machine to automatically manufacture tea bags that preserved the full flavour of the natural product.

The new manufacturing process proved so superior that markets everywhere, especially in the USA, also adopted it. As the double chamber tea bag advanced around the world, tea consumption in general increased. That generated global demand for the Constanta.More than 2,000 of these machines have been sold since the 1950's in 50 countries around the globe, and the Constanta is still in use world-wide today.

Technical data of the CONSTANTA

  • Maximum tea bag capacity: 3g of tea
  • Output: 150-180 tea bags a minute
  • Weight: 1,550 kg
  • Dimensions: length: 200cm; width: 80cm; height: 160cm
  • Electricity: motor with 1.8 kW

The pioneer of the modern tea bag packaging industry: the CONSTANTA


Technical advances inspired the Teepack engineers to design a new, even more powerful machine, the Perfecta. More than 200 of these machines have been sold world-wide since 1990. The Perfecta can pack the tea bags with or without protective paper envelopes. The staples used in older machines to attach the cotton thread to the bag and the tag have in the meantime been replaced by the knotting device.

Technical data of the PERFECTA

  • Maximum tea bag capacity: 3g of tea
  • Output: up to 400 tea bags a minute
  • Weight: 2,500-2,800kg
  • Dimensions: length 254cm, width: 140cm; height: 210cm
  • Electricity: motor with 2.8 kW (requires 6 bar compressed air


To give the tea bag the best possible protection, Teepack invented the HS (heatseal) Perfecta which packs the tea bag into a protective three-layer heatsealed envelope. This heatsealed envelope is used for all export products and it optimally protects the tea in many aspects:

  • Optimal hygienic protection and best storage ability because of the tightly sealed individual protective envelope for each portion.
  • Optimal protection of the tea bag against humidity because of the water and steam repellent compound foil used.
  • Optimal protection against outside odours.
  • Optimal aroma protection and extremely low oxygen permeability because of the metallised aroma protection foil.